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Issue Number: COVID Tax Tip 2022-162
Important info for people considering making early withdraws from retirement funds
No matter how much people plan, unexpected events occur. Often, those events result in unplanned expenses. To cover these costs sometimes people, withdraw funds from their retirement savings early. While this may seem like an easy way to get cash quick, early withdrawals can come with heavy penalties and costly tax consequences. Here’s some important info for people to consider before they dip into their hard-earned retirement savings.
Workplace retirement plans: 401(k), 403(b) and 457(b)
Borrowers repay loans from these plans back to the retirement account. Borrowers should review the limits on loan amounts and other requirements. Taxes on this money don’t occur if the loan meets the rules and repayment happens on schedule.
Required minimum distributions
IRAs and IRA-based plans
Early distributions occur when individuals withdraw money from an Individual Retirement Account or retirement plan before age 59½.These retirement plan distributions are subject to income tax. Individuals must also pay an additional 10% early withdrawal tax unless an exception to the early distribution tax applies. Regardless of age, the account holder must file a Form 1040 Individual Income Tax Return showing the amount of the withdrawal and complete and attach a Form 5329, Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans, Including IRAs, and Other Tax-Favored Accounts, to the tax return. These are requirements for early withdrawals and regular distributions.
Coronavirus-related distributions and loans
Taxpayers can include Coronavirus-related distributions in income over 3 years, one-third each year, or if elected, in the year of the distribution.
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